What are the functions and salient features of Abortion pills?
An abortion pill is the popular name given for Medication abortion which is a very effective and safe way if concluding an early pregnancy. Mostly two FDA approved drugs that are used for this purpose, they are Mifepristone and Misoprostol, and both these drugs are also included in the World Health Organization’s list of essential. When done by abiding all the safety guidelines laid out by FDA this process is considered to be one of the safest procedures in medicine. These pills have been hugely accepted by women who were looking for an option to terminate their early unintended pregnancy. The massive inclination these pills get is because they fulfill most needs of women such as convenience of use, success rate (98%) and low-cost method. There are various brands available under abortion pills, some of them use one drug and some of them use both the drugs. The renowned brands of abortion pills are
Misoprostol brands: Cytotec
Mifepristone brands: RU486, Mifeprex, Mifegyne, Korlym
Combination brands: MTP Kit
The single drug containing brands can be used up to 7 weeks of pregnancy and the combination brands (Mifepristone and Misoprostol kit) can be used up to 9 weeks of pregnancy. Do not use them beyond the given time frame.
How do these drugs act inside the body?
There is a hormone known as progesterone which is essential for pregnancy as it supplies oxygen and nutrients to the fetal tissues. Mifepristone blocks this hormone and causes fetal cell death. Misoprostol forces these cells out of the body by implementing vigorous contraction in the uterine walls.
How should these pills be taken?
All the brands containing just Mifepristone have three pills of 200mg each in their pack, which should be taken orally on empty stomach with water. After 48 hours confirm abortion by getting an ultrasonography done. In case there are some remains left, take 2 Misoprostol pills either orally (putting under the tongue) or insert the, vaginally, after another two days, get the process validated.
For Misoprostol brands come in a pack of 12 pills. These pills are either to be taken sublingually or by inserting them vaginally. Divide them into three groups each containing four pills taken at an evenly spaced time gap of 5 hours. After a wait of two days gets an ultrasound done to confirm the process.
MTP Kit is a combination brand containing five pills, one Mifepristone pill (200mg) and four Misoprostol pills (200mcg each). The Mifepristone pill is taken first, orally on an empty stomach and with water. After 48 hours, rest of the pills by are taken by either oral (placing beneath the tongue) or vaginal route of administration. On day 14, confirm your abortion.
What are the side effects of these medications?
A few common side effects of this medication are nausea, fatigue, back pain, stomach cramp, diarrhea, vaginal bleeding, headache, and vomiting.
- It is important that you are free of any Intra-Uterine Device (if there is one placed) before undergoing abortion with these pills.
- Do not use these pills for aborting an ectopic pregnancy.
- Take required rest and refrain from physically draining tasks to recover early. Also, harp on nutritious food and stay away from lovemaking till you are completely recovered as there are chances of infection.
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